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Pipes & Tubing
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Basics & Theory

CDA: Handbook On Copper Tube
Copper Development Association describes properties and procedures for copper pipe in The Copper Tube Handbook, covering everything from bending and burst strength to sizing and soldering.

HPAC Magazine: Tubing Options
HPAC magazine says you can look for polymer tubing to soon dominate the market worldwide.

JLC: Plastic Plumbing Comes Of Age
Journal of Light Construction describes PEX piping systems that it says with cost, reliability, and ease of installation, is poised to compete with copper.

Mechanical Business: Overview Of PEX Piping
Mechanical Business describes PEX pipe that is made from high-density polyethylene. In the manufacturing process, the molecules are cross-linked, which is what gave rise to the PEX name, polyethylene, cross(X)-linked.

Plumbing Engineer: Flexible Pipe For Flexible Needs
Plumbing Engineer describes how selection of plastic piping materials can ease planning and installation.
Issues & Performance

BOABC: Transitions Between Non-Combustible & Combustible Piping
Building Officials Association online slide show [presentation on reaching a consensus on transitions between noncombustible and combustible piping covers introduction, transitions, building types & requirements, firestopping, and interpretations. (PDF)

Builder Magazine: The Science Of Frozen Pipes
Builder Magazine describes what makes pipes freeze and what you can do to avoid it.

CSA: Consumer Fact Sheet On Polybutylene Pipe
Canadian Standards Association provides information about polybutylene (PB) pipe for consumers concerned that they may have this product in their homes. CSA has only received reports of isolated incidents involving this product.

Fine Homebuilding: Frozen Pipes? What To Do
Fine Homebuilding describes issues and considerations for frozen pipes.

GBA: Lingering Questions About PEX
Green Building Advisor says researchers still aren't sure how PEX affects water, and certification standards may be failing to test for compounds that affect water quality.

GBA: Testing Effect Of Plastic Pipes On Potable Water
Green Building Advisor describes how a government grant is enabling researchers to study how plastic pipe affects drinking water odor and chemical quality.

HPAC: Why PVC Pipes Sometimes Fail And How To Prevent It
HPAC magazine says over the years, flexible PVC pipes have become more stable and reliable, achieving a rather low failure rate. However, there are still several ways they can be misused, with the user or installer typically to blame.

JLC: UV Will Not Degrade Exposed PVC Plumbing
Journal of Light Construction says prolonged exposure to the sun may cause white PVC to discolor slightly, turning it yellow or tan, but there's little potential for actual damage.

PM Engineer: Pipe Corrosion Is Easily Avoidable Issue
Plumbing & Mechanical Engineer says corrosion of metals is an ever-present problem in the plumbing industry, but is not normally a problem in well designed and managed systems.

PPFA: Green & Sustainable Standard For Plastic Piping Components
Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association provides information on their Sustainable Manufacturing Conformity Assessment Program for Plastic Piping Components. It's purpose is to establish requirements for measuring both the existing environmental performance and to drive the continuous improvement thereof by manufacturers of plastic piping system components.

Wikipedia: Cold Water Pitting Of Copper Tube
Wikipedia explains that cold water pitting of copper tube occurs in only a minority of installations, and the majority of failures seen are the result of poor installation or operation of the water system.
Procedures

Fine Homebuilding: How To Connect PVC Pipe
Fine Homebuilding online video describes how to prepare plastic pipe fittings, apply primer and cement, and make the connection between the two parts.

Fine Homebuilding: How To Make Basic PEX Connections
Fine Homebuilding article describes how to connect PEX to copper and existing metal pipe as well as how to make PEX to PEX connections to create a branch line or add a valve.

Fine Homebuilding: How To Patch Leaky PVC Water Pipe
Fine Homebuilding online video shows how to patch a leaky PVC water pipe.

Fine Homebuilding: Online Video On PEX Water-Pipe Connections
Fine Homebuilding explains some of the specialized fittings and unique crimping methods for PEX pipe, and demonstrates a use for recycling the cut-off ends.

Fine Homebuilding: Three Designs For PEX Plumbing Systems
Fine Homebuilding article describes how incorporating PEX manifolds into the layout can save water and energy because you eliminate most of the pipe between the water heater and the faucet.

GBA: Should You Insulate Cold Water Pipes?
Green Building Advisor says pipe insulation reduces the chance of frozen pipes in cold climates and eliminates condensation in all climates.

NAHB: Design Guide For Residential PEX Water Supply Plumbing Systems
US National Association of Home Builders design guide provides information necessary to design and install cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) water supply systems in residential buildings plumbing systems.

NAIMA: Free Computer Program To Design Pipe Insulation
North American Insulation Manufacturers Association offers the free 3E Plus computer program that calculates heat loss/gain on hot or cold piping and equipment, and determines economic thickness of industrial insulation, providing payback and savings data as well as CO2 emission reduction data.

PM Engineer: Correct Pipe Joining Method
PM Engineer magazine says the correct pipe-joining method will cause less stress throughout a mechanical system, since noise and vibration decreases the life of various system components.

PPI: Plastic Pressure Pipe Design Calculator
Plastics Pipe Institute on calculator helps you select plastic pipes based on Pressure/Head Loss, Hydraulic Shock, Pipe Weight/Volume, Thermal Expansion, and Expansion Arm/Loop.
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