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Concrete Masonry Block
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Basics & Theory

Concrete Homes: Overview Of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete
Concrete Homes provides an overview on autoclaved aerated concrete, including advantages, sizes, installation, connections, and finishes, sustainability and energy, manufacturing and physical properties and building codes.

Fine Homebuilding: Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Is Overlooked Building Material
Fine Homebuilding says autoclaved aerated concrete is an unusual building material with properties that include being a much better thermal insulator than ordinary concrete, lightweight, easy to work with and resistant to fire, insects, and mold.
Industry Sectors

CCMPA: Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association
Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Associationis the Canadian industry trade association for producers of concrete masonry units.

MIBC: Masonry Institute Of BC
Masonry Institute Of BC offers contact listing of its members, technical services, and masonry technical manual.

NCMA: National Concrete Masonry Association
National Concrete Masonry Association a US industry trade association provides information on concrete masonry units, interlocking concrete paving, segmental retaining walls, and articulated concrete block paving.
Information Sources

CCMPA: Canadian Resource Site For Masonry Products
Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association provides information on masonry, forums, online search for producers & products, technical resources & support, plus links to more resources.

MAC: Resource Site On Masonry
Masonry Advisory Council covers masonry benefits, brick, concrete masonry, mortar, cast stone, grout, flashing, design & construction, maintenance, costs & estimating, and more.

MAC: Technical Reports On Concrete Masonry
Masonry Advisory Council offers online articles and technical reports on concrete masonry products, issues, and procedures.
Issues & Performance

CCMPA: Free Seismic Design Guide For Masonry Buildings
Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association free comprehensive guide on seismic design and construction of low-to mid-rise masonry structures outlines key seismic design provisions of NBCC 2005 and the CSA S304.1-04 and offers a commentary. (PDF)

IRC: Controlling Sound Transmission Through Concrete Block Walls
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction bulletin covers factors affecting sound transmission through different types of concrete block walls, including single-leaf walls, double-leaf walls and walls with gypsum board attached.

IRC: Keeping Water Off Masonry Walls
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction report covers considerations for keeping water off masonry walls, including problems, design, chimneys, and testing brick durability. 1990

IRC: Moisture & Masonry Walls In Swimming Pools
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction details examples of swimming pool enclosures in distress and explains how exfiltration of warm humid air results in condensation at and adjacent to construction joints and openings in the building envelope.

IRC: Performance Of Concrete Masonry Walls In Fire
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction digest covers thermal performance of concrete masonry walls in fire including fire endurance tests, characteristics of cement paste, autoclaving, aggregates, fire endurance, and effect of moisture.

MasonryWorx: Fire Safety Advantages Of Masonry
MasonryWorx provides overview on the fire safety advantage of masonry including articles and videos.

NCMA: STC Ratings For Masonry Walls
National Concrete Masonry Association provides STC ratings for masonry CMU walls, based on weight of the block and whether the cells are filled or not and what material it is filled with. (PDF)

US FEMA: Unreinforced Masonry Buildings & Earthquakes
US FEMA document provides guidance on how to develop programs to reduce the earthquake risks of existing unreinforced masonry buildings. This building type is typically the most seismically vulnerable category of construction in a community, and it is by far the most common type of building to be singled out for voluntary or mandatory seismic risk reduction programs in the United States. (PDF)
Procedures

Building Science: Deep Energy Enclosure Retrofit For Interior Insulation Of Masonry Walls
Building Science online Measure Guideline: Deep Energy Enclosure Retrofit for Interior Insulation of Masonry Walls describes a solution for insulating mass masonry buildings from the interior. It covers the retrofit assembly, technical details, and installation sequence for retrofitting masonry walls. (PDF)

Building Science: Deep-Dish Retrofit Of Uninsulated Masonry Wall From Outside
Building Science describes how to retrofit an uninsulated masonry wall from the outside so you can get a perfect wall out of the deal.

Building Science: Durability For Cold Climate Interior Insulation
Building Science online slide show presentation describes durability issues and considerations for cold climate interior insulation of load-bearing masonry.

CCMPA: Listing Of Canadian Masonry Producers
Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association provides listing of masonry products and producers.

CCMPA: Technical Manual On Masonry Block
Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association detailed technical manual covers masonry products, shapes & sizes, properties, design details, standards, and more.

CMHC: Performance Of Retrofit Insulation Of Solid Masonry Exterior Walls
CMHC research article speculates that the insulating of the exterior solid masonry walls may not result in deterioration when the retrofit approach involves the installation of suitable air and vapour barriers. (PDF)

IRC: Rehabilitation of Solid Masonry Walls
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction report covers rehabilitation of solid masonry walls including nothing on the inside, ventilated insulated cavity, control of air and moisture flow, control of air & moisture & heat flow, thermal bridges, summer condensation, cracking, spalling, evaluation, and sources of more information. 1990

JLC: Building A Block Foundation
Journal of Light Construction describes how to build a concrete block foundation. Free site registration may be required.

JLC: Building A Reinforced Concrete Block Wall
Journal of Light Construction explains how to construct a reinforced concrete block wall capable of resisting lateral and tensile stresses.

MIBC: BC Technical Manual On Masonry
Masonry Institute of BC manual covers structural walls, rainscreen, masonry and brick materials & construction, mortar, flashing, ties, ratings, maintenance, specification & standards, quality assurance, and more.

MIBC: Cost Guide For Veneer Masonry
Masonry Institute of BC cost guide for veneer masonry covers clay brick, concrete block, exterior treatments, system items and high rise. Installed costs are based on typical commercial walls in the Vancouver area with few openings, piers, off-sets or corners. They include labour and materials. (PDF)

MIBC: Rainscreen Design Of Masonry Walls
Masonry Institute of BC explains rainscreen design of brick masonry walls including air barriers, insulation, vapour barriers, and cladding. (PDF)

MIBC: Technical Details On Structural Masonry Blocks
Masonry Institute of BC online technical details, viewable online, in PDF, autocad, sketchup, describe key design considerations and construction sequencing for structural masonry blocks.

MIBC: Types Of Masonry Rainscreen Walls
Masonry Institute of BC describes masonry (brick, block or stone) rainscreen wall types, including masonry or concrete backup, stud backup & insulated stud space, and stud backup & insulated cavity. (PDF)

US DOE: Internal Insulation Of Masonry Walls
US Department of Energy measure guideline Internal Insulation Of Masonry Walls describes how adding insulation to the interior sides of walls of masonry buildings in cold, and particularly cold and wet, climates may cause performance and durability problems. It describes specific moisture control principles that must be followed for a successful insulated retrofit of a solid load-bearing masonry wall. (PDF)

US HUD: Building Concrete Masonry Homes
US Department of Housing & Urban Development online manual describes design and construction procedures for building concrete masonry homes. (PDF)
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