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Standards

AAMA: North American Fenestration Standard/Specification For Windows, Doors, & Skylights
American Architectural Manufacturers Association sells their North American Fenestration Standard/Specification for windows, doors, and skylights. $25 USD - Member, $50 USD - Non-Member

CSA: Standard A440.4-07 (R2012) For Installation Of Windows Doors & Skylights
CSA Standard A440.4-07 (R2012) sets forth methods for both new installation and replacement installation of factory assembled windows, exterior doors, and unit skylights that are intended for installation in low-rise buildings and buildings used primarily for residential occupancy. $225 CDN

FEN BC: New National Version Of Glazing Systems Specifications Manual
Fenestration BC sells the new national version of the Glazing Systems Specifications Manual, it is intended to reflect all aspects of the practice of glazing in Canada. (PDF) $250 CDN
Construction Details

BSC: Details For Installing Window Over OSB Wood Frame Wall
Building Science Consulting provides online drawings showing each step in the process of installing a window with building paper on an OSB over wood frame wall. (PDF)

GBA: Install Windows With Sloped Sill
Green Building Advisor says even top-quality windows need a sloped, waterproof sill pan in order to prevent water damage.

IRC: Effectiveness Of Wall-Window Interface Details To Manage Rainwater
Canadian institute for Research in Construction evaluated watertightness of two wall-window interface details for a fixed PVC window incorporating mounting flanges and installed in a rainscreen wall. (PDF)

IRC: Integrating Window With Building Envelope
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction seminar paper on Integrating the Window with the Building Envelope covers continuity of window & wall elements, weather protection, thermal performance, load transfer, joint design, sealants, and more. 1988

IRC: Window Sill Details For Effective Drainage Of Water
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction presents results from a recent study of sill installation details for the effective drainage of inadvertent water entry at the wall-window interface.

MTCC: Details Of Rainscreen Wall & Wndows
MTCC 1170 online Reference Guide of Typical Rainscreen Wall & Window Details contains detail drawings for rainscreen wall and flashing components that meet the new 2006 BC Building Code Part 9. 2007 (PDF)

Tremco: Glazing Instructional Animations
Tremco online 3D glazing instructional animations help show how each of the glazing materials make contact with one another and the need for system compatibility.
New Construction

APA: Flashing and Installing Windows
Engineered Wood Association online video shows how to effectively seal window openings during installation.

ASTM: Purchasable Publication On Performance Of Window & Wall Interface
ASTM International sells this Technical Publication, Performance and Durability of Window-Wall Interface, which offers research, testing data and material about the creation of standards that attempt to identify installation methods and construction sequencing that integrate fenestration products into wall claddings. $55

BCBEC: Online BC Video On Window Installation
BC Building Envelope Council & HPO online video contains all information presented at their seminar covering the latest research and best practices for window installation and replacement.

BCBEC: Online Video Of Best Practices for Window Installation
BC Building Envelope Council online video of a Building Smart With Windows seminar covers evaluating window-wall interface details for effectiveness in managing rainwater and risk of condensation on windows, installation, CSA A440.4 Window Installation Standard, and the new Best Practice Guide for Windows and Doors.

Building Science: Air Sealing Windows
Building Science describes how, as a component of the air barrier system, the connection between windows and other air barrier components is critical to the overall air barrier performance.

Building Science: Fundamentals of Window Installation
Building Science online slide show presentation describes fundamentals of various window installation applications and procedures. (PDF)

Building Science: Installing Window In Exterior Insulated R40 Wall
Building Science Corporation online video walks through the steps of flashing a window into a wall super-insulated with four inches of exterior rigid foam.

Building Science: Windows Can Be A Pain
Building Science report Windows Can Be A Pain, Continuous Insulation and Punched Openings says whether windows are installed as innies or outies the water control layer of the wall has to connect to the water control layer of the window.

CMHC: Best Practice Guide Building Technology: Wood-Frame Envelopes
CMHC guide contains practical information on heat and moisture transfer, wood shrinkage, and maintenance. It includes 14 best practices on three types of wall assemblies, and 18 details for major components such as foundations, window openings and floor cantilevers. (PDF)

CMHC: Designing Durable Joints Between Windows & Walls
CMHC research highlight describes the design of durable joints between windows and walls including problems, rain barrier, perimeter joint, expansion, choosing mastic, sizing joints, shims & anchors, and insulation. 2003

Construction Instruction: DuPont AAMA Window Install Method C, Flanged Window
Construction Instruction online animation describes the DuPont AAMA Window Install Method C for flanged windows.

Fine Homebuilding: Air-Tight Window Installation
Fine Homebuilding describes, with construction details, how to perform an air-tight window installation.

Fine Homebuilding: Tips & Resources On Window & Door Installation
Fine Homebuilding offers articles, information, and tips on installation of windows and doors.

GBA: Inspecting A Window Installation For Air Leaks
Green Building Advisor says windows can be the hardest part of a house to seal because they span so many layers of materials. In a superinsulated house, it's even trickier. Learn best practices in this online video with building scientist Dr. Joe Lstiburek.

GBA: Installing Windows On Walls With Exterior Foam
Green Building Advisor says builders installing thick exterior wall foam can install windows two ways: with the window flanges in the same plane as the back of the siding (so called “outie” windows) or with the window flanges in the same plane as the OSB wall sheathing (so-called “innie” windows).

GBA: Nailing Window Flanges Through Foam
Green Building Advisor says builders have been nailing window flanges through foam for years but some window manufacturers aren’t sure it’s a good idea.

GBA: Online Videos On Prepping Openings For Windows & Doors
Green Building Advisor online videos show how to detail rough openings to reduce chances of leaks at windows and doors and allow them to drain if they do.

HGTV Remodels: Framing Windows With Less Studs & Lumber
HGTV Remodels article & video describe framing with fewer studs while keeping structural support of window frame, increasing its performance, and creating a better shield against hot & cold.

JLC: Installing Weathertight Windows In Wet Canadian Coastal Climate
Journal of Light Construction describes how a Vancouver Island wet-climate builder details the window installation layers to keep out the rain.

NRC: Window Installation Details For Effective Sealing Practice
National Research Council Canada new bulletin Window Installation Details for Effective Sealing Practice explains how the degree of airtightness and the location of the plane of airtightness of the wall-window interface affect water entry.

RDH: Slide Shows Of Build Sequence For Building Envelope
RDH Building Engineering online slide shows cover step-by-step installation of building envelope components including exterior air barriers, balcony & wall interface, windows into EIFS, rainscreen & brick, face seal to rainscreen stucco, and wood window into wood siding rainscreen.
Replacement

1st Windows: How To Measure For Replacement Windows
1st Windows, a US company, describes how to measure replacement windows for existing wood and aluminum windows.

AAMA: 2410-13 Standard For Installation Exterior Flush Fin Windows Over Existing Frame
American Architectural Manufacturers Association recently updated AAMA 2410-13, Standard Practice for Installation of Windows with an Exterior Flush Fin Over an Existing Window Frame practice covers the installation of retrofit windows in detached one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories above-grade in height. (PDF)

BC Housing: Consumer Guide To Window & Door Replacement
BC Housing online Consumer Guide to Window and Door Replacement provides information that homeowners need to know to ensure their window and door replacement projects meet the highest standards. (PDF)

BC Housing: Purchasable Best Practices For Window & Door Replacement In Wood-Frame Buildings
BC Housing sells the Best Practices for Window and Door Replacement in Wood-Frame Buildings. It explains best practices for window and door replacement in wood-frame buildings, from single-family homes to multiunit residential buildings. $20 CDN (PDF)

BCBEC: Online BC Video On Window Installation
BC Building Envelope Council & HPO online video contains all information presented at their seminar covering the latest research and best practices for window installation and replacement.

BCBEC: Online Video Of Best Practices for Window Installation
BC Building Envelope Council online video of a Building Smart With Windows seminar covers evaluating window-wall interface details for effectiveness in managing rainwater and risk of condensation on windows, installation, CSA A440.4 Window Installation Standard, and the new Best Practice Guide for Windows and Doors.

BPA: Best Practices For Installing Replacement Windows
Building Performance Association describes its recommended best practices for checking potential moisture problems in walls and installing replacement windows that will deflect and drain water. (PDF)

Building America: Online Guide To Complete Window Replacement
Building America Solution Center online guide describes considerations and procedures for complete window replacement.

Building America: Online Guide To Insert Replacement Windows
Building America Solution Center online guide describes considerations and procedures for insert replacement windows.

Building Science: Air Sealing Windows
Building Science describes how, as a component of the air barrier system, the connection between windows and other air barrier components is critical to the overall air barrier performance.

Building Science: Deep Energy Retrofit Of Windows
Building Science online slide show presentation on deep energy retrofit of windows describes “Innie” and “Outie” installation methods. (PDF)

Building Science: Window Repair, Rehabilitation & Replacement
Building Science online slide show presentation describes issues and considerations for window repair, rehabilitation and replacement. (PDF)

CMHC: Benefits & Costs Of Retrofitting High Performance Windows
CMHC describes benefits, considerations, implementation and payback for replacing existing windows with high performance units.

CMHC: Case Study Of Window Replacement In EIFS Cladding
CMHC case study describes issues, solutions, procedures, and costs for replacing leaking windows that caused moisture damage to an 11-story Ontario condominium. (PDF)

CO2RE: Alberta Booklet On Upgrading & Replacing Windows
Carbon Dioxide Reduction Edmonton (CO2RE) online booklet provides information and guidelines to help understand and assess windows, improve their performance, and make good purchase decisions for replacement windows.

Fine Homebuilding: Air-Tight Window Installation
Fine Homebuilding describes, with construction details, how to perform an air-tight window installation.

Fine Homebuilding: Choosing Between Insert Or Full-Frame Replacement Window
Fine Homebuilding online video describes when to select an insert replacement window, and when to select a full-frame replacement window.

Fine Homebuilding: Installing & Flashing Replacement Windows
Fine Homebuilding article on installing replacement windows says if they do not include housewrap, use a sill pan, and flash the flanges, the work is far from watertight.

Fine Homebuilding: Online Videos On Removing & Replacing Windows & Trim
Fine Homebuilding online videos include How to Remove Old Window Sashes and Jambs From a Brick Wall; How To Flash a Window Rough Opening in an Existing Brick Wall; How To Install and Airseal a New Window in an Old Brick Wall; How to Install a PVC Exterior Casing on a Window in a Brick Wall; How To Install Interior Extension Jambs and Window Trim.

Fine Homebuilding: Tips & Resources On Window & Door Installation
Fine Homebuilding offers articles, information, and tips on installation of windows and doors.

GBA: Online Videos On Prepping Openings For Windows & Doors
Green Building Advisor online videos show how to detail rough openings to reduce chances of leaks at windows and doors and allow them to drain if they do.

GBA: Should Historic Window Preservation Trump Energy Performance?
Green Building Advisor discusses what to do when the interests of energy efficiency and historical window preservation collide.

GBA: What Should I Do With My Old Windows?
Green Building Advisor says it's often hard to decide whether to replace them, repair them, or leave them just the way they are.

GBA: Window Installation Tips For Deep Energy Retrofit
Green Building Advisor describes how to use Dudley boxes for a hassle-free way to install new windows in walls that are being retrofitted with exterior rigid foam.

Home Energy: Care & Mistakes When Installing Retrofit Windows
Home Energy describes installing energy efficient retrofit windows including US code issues, installation procedures, and a wide range of common mistakes, installers make.

JLC Forums: Installing Retrofit Windows In Block House
Journal of Light Construction forum provides opinions on how to install vinyl replacement windows in masonry walls.

JLC Forums: Measuring For Replacement Windows
Journal of Light Construction forum discusses how to determine the size of a rough opening without removing the casing, when planning to replace an old window with a new construction unit.

JLC Forums: Should You Spray Foam In Window Weight Cavities
Journal of Light Construction forum discusses whether filling old window-weight pockets with spray foam could cause problems when installing replacement windows.

JLC: Installing Watertight Replacement Windows
Journal of Light Construction describes details on how to help prevent replacement window leaks when working around the major types of siding.

JLC: Retrofitting A Window Into Block Foundation
Journal of Light Construction explains how to cut and detail the opening for a new window into an existing masonry block basement wall.

Living Future: Saving Windows, Saving Money
Living Future report Saving Windows, Saving Money evaluates energy performance of window retrofit and replacement. (PDF)

PR: 6 Tips For Specifying & Installing Windows & Doors
Professional Remodeler offers tips to prevent improper or insufficient design details and shoddy installation of windows or doors that can lead to air infiltration, moisture intrusion and poor overall performance.

Professional Remodeler: Structural Considerations When Replacing Windows
Professional Remodeler magazine article describes how to consider the condition of the existing flashing, the frame, and the surrounding wall before deciding on a partial replacement, replacement window or entire new window assembly.

RDH: Re-Glazing Of All Glass Curtain Wall Buildings
RDH Building Engineering report Re-Glazing of All Glass Curtain Wall Buildings describes a re-glazing project that was completed on an all glass mixed use multi-unit residential building over a luxury hotel, which was fully occupied during the process. Lessons learned will be relevant to glazing designers and specifiers, architects, engineers, glazing contractors and construction managers. (PDF)

SAWDAC: Replacement Window Installation Guide
Siding & Window Dealers Association of Canada describes their approved method of installing replacement windows. (PDF)

Sill To Sash: Complete Guide To Windows & Doors
Sill To Sash describes windows, doors and skylights and all the factors relating to choosing a well-installed, top quality, energy-efficient product. All this information has been prepared for and vetted by the leading associations in the fenestration industry.

Toronto Univ: Cladding & Window Replacement Guidelines For Towers
University of Toronto online cladding and window replacement guidelines for towers illustrates generic means of integrating overcladding and windows to achieve durable, thermally efficient building envelopes. (Large PDF)

US HUD: Rehab Guide For Repair & Replacement Of Windows & Doors
US Department of Housing & Urban Development online Rehab Guide for Windows & Doors covers repair & replacement of existing windows and doors, and new technologies that increase energy savings and decrease maintenance costs. It has drawings and written descriptions of rehabilitation of glazing; window frames & replacement units; skylights; doors & frames; hardware; caulking, sealants, weatherstripping; shutters, & awnings. 1999
Flashing

APA: Flashing and Installing Windows
Engineered Wood Association online video shows how to effectively seal window openings during installation.

BSC: Water Management With Housewraps, Flashings & Windows
Building Science Consulting paper, with drawings, describes design considerations for water management with housewraps, flashings, and windows. (PDF)

Building Science: Installing Window In Exterior Insulated R40 Wall
Building Science Corporation online video walks through the steps of flashing a window into a wall super-insulated with four inches of exterior rigid foam.

Construction Instruction: DuPont 4 inch Recessed Window Flashing Install
Construction Instruction online animation describes how to install DuPont Self-Adhered flashing on a 4 inch recessed window.

Construction Instruction: Window Drip Cap Installation
Construction Instruction online animation shows a window install with flashing integrated into the siding.

Construction Instruction: Window Flashing Technique
Construction Instruction article and animation focuses on the installation of a flashing system that relies primarily on the two layers of metal flashing above the window to effectively catch and drain or redirect water away from and out of the assembly.

Energy Vanguard: How to Spot Improper Window Flashing
Energy Vanguard says house wrap has to be flashed properly to keep the water moving down and out, not down and in. That means you want the upper layers to come down over the top of the lower layers. Where builders often get this wrong is at the top of a window.

Fine Homebuilding : Installing & Flashing Windows Correctly
Fine Homebuilding article describes how to install windows with housewrap, sill pan, and flashing for flanges so the work is watertight. (PDF)

Fine Homebuilding: Adding Head Flashing
Fine Homebuilding says you won't necessarily find head flashing on windows and doors that have integral flanges because some manufacturers call for it and some don't. You can't go wrong by adding head flashing, however.

Fine Homebuilding: Flashing Replacement Windows
Fine Homebuilding article, with pictures, by building science specialist Joe Lstiburek describes method for flashing replacement windows that are installed from the exterior.

IRC: Research Window & Wall Interface For Managing Rainwater
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction & CMHC are doing research to evaluate effectiveness of the window & wall interface, including flashings, for managing rainwater. (PDF)

IRC: Sill Pans Minimize Water Entry Into Walls
Canadian Institute for Research in Construction research shows that installation of sill pans in window framing minimizes risk of water entry into walls and should be part of a moisture management and protection strategy.

JLC Forums: Flashing Windows With Nail Fins
Journal of Light Construction forum has builder comments about why and how they flash windows with nailing fins.

JLC Forums: Sill Pan Flashing For Windows
Journal of Light Construction discussion about Jamsill PVC pans and DuPont FlexWrap being the leading contenders in waterproof sill liners, and how with a brake and some vinyl coil stock you can make sill pans for much less.

JLC: Best Practice Housewrap & Window Flashing
Journal of Light Construction online videos describe step-by-step instruction on integrating housewrap and window flashing to prevent leaks and other moisture problems.

JLC: Flashing A Flanged Window
Journal Light Construction slideshow on flashing a flanged window describes how to install a window so that any water that gets behind the siding will drain safely to the outside. (PDF) Free Registration Required

JLC: Flashing An Arched Window
Journal of Light Construction offers step-by-step instructions to flash the top of a curved window.

JLC: Flashing Of Recessed Windows
Journal of Light Construction article, with drawings, describes how to install flashing on recessed windows that are typically set anywhere from 2 to 12 inches into the framing.

JLC: Installing Flanged Window Flashing To AMAA A-1 Method
Journal of Light Construction provides pictures and tips on a proper AMAA A-1 method for flashing installation.

Jon Eakes: Making End Dams For Header Flashing
Jon Eakes, Canadian home improvement expert, describes how to bend sheet metal to make flashing end dams that do not need caulking, and references content of the National Building Code sections that cover head flashing.

TLS: Guide To Flashing Of Recessed Window
TLS Laboratories, a forensic window testing company, describes common problems with flashing of recessed windows, & makes recommendations for proper flashing procedures. (PDF)

US HUD: Overview Of Flashing For Windows & Doors
US Department Of Housing & Urban Development bulletin describes window and door flashing methods, types, bibliography, and list of some US product suppliers. (PDF)
Trim & Casing

GBA: Extending Window Openings For Deep Energy Retrofit
Green Building Advisor describes how to prepare weather-tight window installations for a deep energy retrofit by prefabricating the window surrounds and using advanced European tapes.

HGTV Pro: Six Ways To Case A Window
HGTV Pro article, with detailed pictures, presents six variations of casing a window, showing how using alternative moldings can produce totally different aesthetic effects. (PDF)

HGTV Remodels: Tips for Choosing Window Casings
HGTV Remodels article gives an overview of the most common types of window casings.

JLC: Fast Trim Without A Tape
Journal of Light Construction describes techniques to measure, cut, and install door casings to increase both quality and productivity. (PDF) Free Registration Required

JLC: Faster Installation Of Jamb Extensions With Drywall Screws
Journal Light Construction slide show describes how shimming jamb extensions with drywall screws rather than wood shims saves time and guarantees accuracy. (PDF) Free Registration Required

JLC: Production Method Of Installing Window Trim
Journal of Light Construction explains how making window trim parts and preassembling them in the shop cut time off the schedule.

Remodeling Magazine: Design Basics For Window Trim
Remodeling Magazine describes a few basic considerations in the design of appropriate window trim.
Maintain & Care

BC Housing: Inspection & Maintenance Of Windows & Doors
BC Housing building envelope bulletin describes steps for inspection and maintenance of windows and doors to ensure good long-term performance. (PDF)
Repair & Upgrade

BCBEC: Conservation Of Heritage Masonry & Wood Windows
BC Building Envelope Council online slide show presentation describes issues and considerations for the conservation of heritage masonry and wood windows. (PDF)

Building Green: Getting The Most From Old Windows With Attachments
Building Green describes methods of using attachments to get more life out of old windows, and improve performance, without replacing them.

Building Science: Window Repair, Rehabilitation & Replacement
Building Science online slide show presentation describes issues and considerations for window repair, rehabilitation and replacement. (PDF)

CMHC: How To Upgrade Weatherstripping On Windows
CMHC tips for upgrading weatherstripping on windows covers benefits, considerations, implementation, and payback.

Fine Homebuilding: Refurbishing Old Double-Hung Windows
Fine Homebuilding articles on refurbishing old double-hung windows include Part One on sizing sash weights, replacing sash cords, and lubricating pulleys. Part two describes what to do if sashes are swollen or out of square, lack weatherstripping or have built-up paint that could could cause them to stick or bind.

GBA: What Should I Do With My Old Windows?
Green Building Advisor says it's often hard to decide whether to replace them, repair them, or leave them just the way they are.

Home Builder: Air Sealing Heritage Windows
Home Builder magazine describes how, with clean up and $80 of weatherstripping and air sealing, a heritage window is surpassing the CSA air tightness standards for new vinyl windows in actual blower door testing.

Home Energy: Reframing Windows
Home Energy magazine describes how simply repairing and weather-stripping existing windows is often a better choice than replacing them.

Home Energy: Repairing Vs Replacing Old Windows
Home Energy magazine describes a US field study that suggests upgrading energy efficiency of existing windows may be better than replacing them. It compares old existing windows and replacement windows infiltration and thermal losses, costs & savings, and lead abatement.

JLC: Weatherstripping Existing Windows
Journal of Light Construction describes how to retrofit weatherstripping on existing wood windows for sound and thermal insulation.

NRCan: Improving Energy Efficiency Of Existing Windows
Natural Resources Canada describes how to improve energy efficiency of existing windows in the house, repair operable parts, and add one of the many different types of storm window products. (PDF)

Old House Web: How To Repair & Restore Historic Wood Windows
Old House Web online articles describe how to evaluate, repair and restore historic wood windows and components.

RDH: Repair, Replace Or Renew Windows
RDH Building Engineering article describes a number of factors to consider when deciding the fate of aging windows, including comfort, energy utilization, acoustics, aesthetics and function. (PDF)

WPSC: Window Preservation Standards Collaborative
Old-window experts have gotten together to create a grass-roots group called the Window Preservation Standards Collaborative that hopes to set formal standards for window preservation.
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